Bionik

Type of record:
  • strategy method
  • macro method
  • creativity technique
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Ideal innovation phases for this method:
  1. Innovation Phase
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4
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Description

Bionics is a breathtaking and exciting technique that tries to solve difficult technical problems and challenges by taking advantage of the knowledge of nature and biology.

Bionics is much more than a method; it is also often referred to as an independent interdisciplinary science. Since it is of great importance, however, we have decided to include it in this book anyway.

In bionics, biological processes are directly transferred to a given problem and completely new possible solutions are derived.

Bionics (also known as biomimicry, biomimetics or biomimesis) deals with the transfer of phenomena from nature to technology. A well-known example from history is Leonardo da Vinci's idea to transfer the flight of birds to flying machines. A common example from modern everyday life is the velcro fastener inspired by burdock. Bionics is based on the assumption that animate nature develops optimised structures and processes through evolutionary processes, from which humans can learn efficiently.

As an interdisciplinary field of research, bionics attracts scientists, engineers, architects, philosophers and designers. Bionics is concerned with the systematic recognition of solutions of living nature; it thus distinguishes itself from the purposeless inspiration of nature. Their goal is always a technical object or process separated from nature. This distinguishes bionics from sciences that use and expand biological processes, such as bioinformatics, biophysics and biochemistry.

Bionics is typically used to solve problems and come up with ideas in the technical and process engineering fields. An important requirement of bionics is not the "copying" of details of a living system, but the consideration of this system as a model. It is a question of asking why things in nature are like this or react like this, and drawing conclusions from this.

Examples:
- "ground speed sensors" of airplanes. The biological analogy was the mode of action of a beetle eye.
- For the production of paper, cardboard and cardboard, the wasp's nest construction served as a model.
- Material-saving designs with optimum strength have numerous models in nature.
  • Effective for radical innovations
  • Effective for highly complex challenges
  • Effective for design innovations
  • Effective for product innovations
  • Effective for technology innovations
  • P5 Idea Finding (Idea Generation - Creative Phase - Incubation)
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